The captive exile
tsa`ah  (tsaw-aw')
to tip over (for the purpose of spilling or pouring out), i.e. (figuratively) depopulate; by implication, to imprison or conquer; (reflexive) to lie down (for coitus)
mahar  (maw-har')
to be liquid or flow easily, i.e. (by implication); to hurry (in a good or a bad sense); often used (with another verb) adverbially, promptly
that he may be loosed
pathach  (paw-thakh')
to open wide; specifically, to loosen, begin, plough, carve
and that he should not die
muwth  (mooth)
causatively, to kill
in the pit
shachath  (shakh'-ath)
a pit (especially as a trap); figuratively, destruction -- corruption, destruction, ditch, grave, pit.
nor that his bread
lechem  (lekh'-em)
food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it) -- (shew-)bread, eat, food, fruit, loaf, meat, victuals.
should fail
chacer  (khaw-sare')
to lack; by implication, to fail, want, lessen -- be abated, bereave, decrease, (cause to) fail, (have) lack, make lower, want.